Glaucoma, Understanding, Symptoms, Examination, Treatment, and Prevention
Glaucoma is a disease caused by disorders that occur in the nerve of the eye that is chronic. Glaucoma can sometimes be accompanied by the high pressure of a person’s eyeballs. These glaucoma include the 5 major diseases that cause blindness in the world How can glaucoma occur? Let’s see.
Our eyeball is if it is an eye, you can imagine, the ball contains fluid. The fluid that is inside the eyeball then circulates, intending to carry oxygen, carry nutrients, for the organs in the eyeball. Because the eyeball was circulating, this fluid was originally produced, then there was an exit line. Well, in people who suffered glaucoma, the exit was experiencing obstacles
Many factors cause this eye fluid exit path to experience obstacles. Is there any inflammation, whether there is bleeding, whether there is a narrowing of age, or other causes that result in the water that is in the eyeball that has been produced can not come out, or when out, in very little amount, so that the fluid is stacked inside the eyeball.
The buildup of the fluid will increase the pressure on the eyeball, it can be imagined as well as we pumped a ball that we pump constantly, the longer the ball will become harder, and the more hardened. Less so also happens to the eyeballs of people who suffer from glaucoma. The fluid produced by the eyeball can not come out, so it accumulates continuously in the eyeball, and presses in any direction by its high pressure.
That high pressure will lead to the strain of the eye nerve found on the wall of the eyeball. The constant emphasis will result in nerve depletion. This then leads to a sharp vision of a person it will experience a decline, due to the electrical signal flow from the retinal nerve, or the nerve membrane of the eyeball to the brain, it becomes reduced and diminishes, so it is finally a long time Cause the person to suffer blindness.
Symptoms of glaucoma
This glaucoma is a type of chronic disease. Glaucoma disease lasts little by little in a long time. This is what causes a person who suffered it does not experience any meaningful symptoms. The person is experiencing impaired vision when the nerve is damaged largely, so it is often called the glaucoma as a sight thief. Because of its progressive nature but in a long time.
So how do I know myself that there is glaucoma or not? Because glaucoma we refer to as a sight thief or a disease that lasts little by little for a long time, then we must know if we are a sufferer of glaucoma or not.
Thorough eye exams
How do we know? By conducting an eye exam thoroughly especially for people at risk. Then, who are those who are at risk for glaucoma?
If a person has a family history of glaucoma, such as a biological father, a biological mother, or a sibling, uncle or aunt, or grandparent has glaucoma, then the person is more at risk of glaucoma, Compared to people who have a family no history suffers from glaucoma.
Suffering from blood sugar
If the person has diabetes mellitus, it will cause disorders of the blood vessels in the eye, so it will form new blood vessels. These new veins will then inhibit the flow of fluid from circulating eyes so that the pressure of the eyeball will increase and the person will suffer from glaucoma.
High minus eye
If a person suffers from a high minus eye, it is more risky to suffer from glaucoma.
Age above 40-50 years
Risk factor of the person suffering from glaucoma when the age is above 40 or 50 years because glaucoma is more common in people at the age of 40 to 50 years.
Can glaucoma also occur in people of a young age? Yes, glaucoma can occur in young people but the number is less frequent. Glaucoma can also occur in newly born children, the term congenital glaucoma.
Glaucoma can also occur in adolescent children, or it can occur in young adults, but in the age group between children and young adults, the incidence of glaucoma is less than those who are over 40 or 50 years old.
How to deal with glaucoma
Glaucoma is a condition when eye nerve damage due to high eyeball pressure. The way we handle it is by controlling the pressure inside our eyeballs, by giving medicines. These medicines serve to lower the pressure of the eyeball, so that the damage that occurs to the nerve does not continue, and the treatment of glaucoma can last for a long period of time, or may also last a lifetime, So that people who have been diagnosed with glaucoma should regularly control the nearest eye doctor, so that the risk of blindness due to nerve damage can be avoided.
Surgical action on the eye exposed to glaucoma
Surgery for glaucoma sufferers is performed when the pressure of the sufferer is not able to get off using medicines only. If you have been using the drug, it stresses its eyeball does not drop-down, it is better to do surgery, to lower the pressure of the eyeball earlier.
Surgery for glaucoma is different depending on the condition of glaucoma that occurs in a person. This can be consulted with the nearest ophthalmologist, whether the types of surgery that may be performed at each end because the surgery in the glaucoma sufferer is individually different, adjusted to the condition of glaucoma Endured.
People with high-risk factors such as those already reviewed above, at least one year once routine checked his eyes, to get a thorough eye exam. Start from the front of the eye, down to the nerves behind the eyes. With our thorough examination, as well as for glaucoma with a field of examination, and other nerve examinations, it can be known that a person suffers from glaucoma or not.
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